Biographies

This page contains biographical notes on each person featured in the history of the record.

Barnes, Matthew [MBA]

  • A "justly celebrated guide" [idn18]

  • A Portinscale guide, known to have climbed Pillar Rock

  • Said to have found a new way up Pillar Rock [p.129, id82], but this has been questioned. Either way, he made it to the top and so was clearly a competent climber by the standards of the time

Beard, Eric​ [EBE]

  • Description [id37, pp.96-98]

Beatty, Ernest​ [ERB]

  • Of Stanwix [idn72]

Bell​, T [BLL]

​Man from Ambleside accompanying the four Tucker brothers on [end7]

Bennet, John [JBE]

  • A guide at Mackereth's Hotel [idn52]

  • The "doyen of English fell guides" [idn25]

  • Proprietor of the Dungeon Ghyll Hotel [idn45]

Bradshaw, Stan [STB]

  • Second man to complete the BGR (after Heaton) [Griffin, p.98, id37]​

  • Also completed a round of the 2,500 ft mountains of Lakeland [Griffin, p.100, id37]

  • Description [id37, pp.98-100]

Broadrick brothers [unattributed]

  • Both were clearly very athletic and they achieved a significant amount during their prime climbing years from 1899 to 1903 (in particular, making new routes on Dow Crag) [id84, p.160]

  • Broadricks - description [id85, p.61]

Broadrick, Henry Crewdson [HCB]

  • One of three Windermere brothers [p.90, id18]

  • Younger brother of RWB; "same academic training" as RWB and also became a teacher [id84, p.160]

  • Prominent climber [p.125, id36] [Henry Crewdson?]

  • Died in 1956 at age of 81 [p.90, id18]

Broadrick, R. W. [RWB]

  • Account of death [pp.134-135, id82]; [id84, pp.169-171]; link to poor rope technique [id84, p.120]; [id85, p.71]; [id86, p.131]; a good account of death [pp.134-135, id82[

  • Gives his name to two climbs on Dow Crag

  • "Born in 1872, educated at Haileybury and Trinity College, Cambridge, and became a teacher at Fettes College in Edinburgh" [id84, p.160]

Chapman, Freddy Spencer [FSC]

  • Explorer, mountaineer, schoolmaster, author

  • Part of the British Arctic Air Route Expedition in 1930-31 to Greenland, a land-based expedition to investigate the potential for use of Arctic airspace for transatlantic flights (mapping the country to compose an air route involving ocean crossings of no more than 300 miles). He turned to the Fell Record on his return, before returning to Greenland.

Coward, Fleming [FLC]

  • A guide [idn52]

Clark, Joseph​ [JCL]

  • Resident of Keswick [idn62]

Dance, Ted [TED]

  • Also involved in Peak District record walking. “On his first meet with the Rucksack Club in 1952 he had, as Brockbank put it, ‘the temerity to break the Club record for the Marsden-Edale walk in 4 hours 29 minutes’” [id24]

Dawson, Benjamin [BDA]

  • [see idn9, idn13]

  • Employed by Elterwater Gunpowder Works (Westmorland)

Dawson, Cecil [CDA]

  • From Manchester

  • An early access pioneer and legendary fell walker

  • Manchester cotton trader from Sale [p.90, id18]​

  • Also involved in Peak District "bogtrotting" [p.90, id18]

  • Coined the term "bog-trotting" [id24]

  • His large group of friends or followers, “Dawson’s Crowd” became known as the 94th with Dawson as their Colonel. They took to wearing gymshoes to move faster giving a competitive edge to their walks.

  • Renowned for his "legendary staying powers on marathon moorland crossings" [source unknown] Along with colleagues from the Manchester Rucksack Club, he extended the Marsen-Edale to the Colne-Edale and the 50 mile Colne-Buxton route

Elliott, Rev. Julius Marshall [JME]   - 1869

  • Reverend at St. Mary's Chapel Brighton and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge

  • Did much alpine climbing [Palmer, p.66, id16]

  • Took part in an early ascent of Pillar [id86, p.216]; discovered the 'ordinary' route up Pillar Rock [id81, p.113]

  • Made the second climb up the Matterhorn from Zermatt [id81, p.193]

  • An entry in the Wasdale visitor book (a non-record, non-interesting walk) [id84. p.41]

  • Killed by falling from the Schreckhorn in the Alps. Travelling with his familiar guide, this was part of his Swiss programme. It was perfect weather. As the climb progressed and rocks were reached, Elliott chose not to follow his fellow climbers and rope up. As they neared the summit on snow-cut steps, indeed at a moment of tragically premature congratulation, Elliott is said to have slipped. In what must have been a heart-stopping moment, a companion caught his arm in the briefest of instants, but tragically failed to hold him. He fell at least one thousand feet. The party could mount no useful rescue given where he fell, however it is exceptionally doubtful whether such an endeavour would have served any practical purpose. [idn83] Also: [Griffin, p.123, id36 & Palmer, p.66, id16]

Gibbs [GIB]

  • Of Cockermouth [idn73]

  • Must have been a climber as references to him in the Wasdale visitor book (e.g. 31 march 1893)

Graham, Robert (Bob)​ [BGR]

  • Lived at Barrow House, a few miles out of Keswick

  • "Powerfully built, modest, kindly, and as a sort of snack, after supper in the summer, he would skip up Skiddaw and back" [id90]

  • [BGR] [p.9, id5]

Grisedale, Thomas [TGR]

  • A Langdale shepherd [idn52]

Heaton, Alan [AHE]

  • "Number 1" member of the Bob Graham Club

  • Description [id37, p.93]

  • Set the (then) record for the Pennine Way [id37, pp.102-103]

Heaton, Ken [KHE]

  • []

Jenkinson, Henry Irwin [HIJ]

  • Author of Practical Guide to the English Lake District [id58]​

  • A foreshadow of Wainright; he carried out extensive research for his guide, for example ascending Great Gable on four different occasions [idn75]

  • Led a 2,000-strong crowd on an organised trespass of Latrigg (a portent of the Kinder Scout protest)

  • Commemorated in the gate to Fitz Park for his services to the local community

  • Looked after Flintoff's famous model of the Lake District, now in Keswick museum [idn44, idn75]

Johnson, S. B.​ [SBJ]

  • []

Mackereth​ [MAC]

  • Grasmere guide

Naylor​, Joss [JNY]

  • Pennine Way record [id37, p.103]

  • Lake District 3,000s record [id37, p.105]

  • Description [i37, p.96]

Oppenheimer, Lehmann [LEO]

  • Of Manchester [idn26]

  • Once "walked 83 miles in 24 hours on the road" [id86, p.140]

  • Supported one of Broadrick's endeavours and a famous climber noted in many histories

  • Quotation: "Unhappily, in 1903 a great catastrophe took place on Sca Fell, which destroyed our boast and robbed many of us of mountaineering friends" [id84, p.169]

  • Enlisted partially because of "the desire to wipe out the ignominty of inheriting a German name" [id86, p.140]; killed at the Somme in 1916 [id87, p.222]

Palmer, W T [WTP]

  • of Burnside

Pilkington brothers (unattributed)

  • Four brothers; sons of the founders of Pilkington Glass

  • General description [id85, p.23]

  • Described in the context of mountaineering without guides [id81, p.75]; noted as "among the more important of the guideless Alpine climbers of the 1870s" and they were also significant influences on British climbing [id86, p.30]

  • Ascent of Pillar Rock [id84, p.43]

  • Excellent description of Pilkingtons as forming a key part in the evolution of Lakeland climbing [id84, p.43, pp.52-]

  • Account of a non-fatal accident in Piers Ghyll [id84, pp.65-66]

  • Both members of the Alpine Club [id86, p.38]

  • The family motto was "Now Thus! Now Thus!" [id101]

Pilkington, Charles [CPI]

  • President of the Alpine Club [Griffin, p.123, id36]

  • From St. Helens, near Liverpool [idn18]

  • Prominent member of the Manchester football club "in the old twenty aside days" [idn17]

  • Picture [p4, id81, p.86]

  • Made the first ascent of the 'Inaccessible Pinnacle' on the Cuilin ridge on Skye [id86, p.55]. This took place in 1880, and were at this time "at the height of their power]

Pilkington, Edward [EPI]

  • From Widnes, near Warrington and formerly of Windermere College [idn45]

  • One of four brothers; son of founder of Pilkington Glass

Pilkington, Lawrence [LPI]

  • From St. Helens, near Liverpool [idn18]

  • Member of the Alpine Club [idn18]​

  • Prominent member of the Manchester football club "in the old twenty aside days" [idn17]

  • Picture [p4, id81, p.86]

  • Youngest man to ascend pillar rock at time? [id85, p.17]

  • Said to have walked from Liverpool to Windermere (reported as 84 miles in 21 hours) [id16, p.73]

  • Climbed Pillar rock at the age of 14, with his brother, in 1869

Pilkington, Thomas [TPI]

  • []

Poole, William [WPO]

  • From Elterwater, Langdale

  • Employed by Elterwater Gunpowder Works (Westmorland)

Robinson, John Wilson [JWR]

  • "A well-built man... whiskers... extremely bald... a great talker... non-smoker and life-long teetoller" [p.59, id25]

  • Contemporary of the greats of early Lakeland climbing, including O. G. Jones, and Haskett-Smith

  • Introduced Haskett-Smith to Napes Needle, indeed Robinson;s father had sketched it in the 1820s [p.60, id25]

  • One of the last yeoman farmers in the Lake District [p.58, id25]

  • "Probably the greatest authority on the Lake District mountains [at the time]" [Griffin, p.124, id36]

  • Description of character [id84, p.62] - he was not impressed by the Alps

  • Described as the "Knight of the Rock" by Harry Griffin

  • Description (including how we took between 30 and 40 ladies to the top of Pillar Rock) - he was uninterested in anything apart from Lakeland [id81, pp.196-197]; climbed Pillar Rock 101 times [id86, p.226]

  • According to his diaries, climbed Pillar Rock 101 times, Scafell Pinnacle more than 50 and 40 ascents of Great Gable [p.60, id25]

  • Cites JWR as the discoverer of the High Level Route to Pillar [p.59, id25]

  • Robinson's death and memorial [id85, p.75]; memorial Cairn built on the High Level Route to Pillar [Griffin, p.96, id36]; FRCC organised for a memorial cairn to be built on the approach to Robinson's High Level Route to Pillar Rock (which still stands today) [id84, p.175]; commemorated by a cairn and a bronze tablet - the cairn is perhaps the only nod to the 24 hour record on the Ordnance Survey map

  • Picture [p5, id81, p.198]

  • JWR definitely most conscientious of the Wasdale visitor book authors. And most legible

Thomas, Eustace [EUT]

  • A Manchester businessman, and a "contemporary of O. G.  Jones at the Finsbury Technical College"

  • Invented the Thomas stretcher for mountain rescue, still in use today, specifically designed to carry casualties off mountains [Askwith, p.35, id2]​ [p.173, id36]

  • Designed Roger Bannister's shoes for the 4 minute mile record [Askwith, p.35, id2]

  • Completed a round of the 2,500 ft Lakeland mountains, a feat also accomplished by Bradshaw [Griffin, p.100, id37]

  • Became the first Englishman to ascend all the 4,000 feet peaks in the Alps

  • After WW1, he was the inspiration for a host of record walks, including the Welsh 3000s, records for ascending the 4,000 feet mountains in the Cairngorms and various road-walking challenges [id86, p.217; pp.220-221]
  • Practiced for his records by long-distance walks in the Pennines [id86, p.217]; in 1919 he was part of the first recorded completion of the Welsh 3000s [id86, p.221]

  • Unlike AWW, Thomas always used nailed boots [p.8, id5]

Tucker brothers [general]

  • All the brothers were raised by their parents with painting skills, as discussed here

  • After much moving, family moved to Lakeland in 1865 and parents instructed their sons in painting [id96]

Tucker, Alfred Robert [RAT]​   1849 - 1914

  • Went on to become Bishop of Uganda / Bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa [p.124, id36 / idn16]

  • A celebrated missionary, but initially a Lakeland artist

  • Tucker was known for accommodating the culture of the country in which he worked, rather than imposing western attitudes [id97]

  • "First and simplest was his wonderful physical robustness. His iron frame enabled him to emerge, year after year, victorious but not unharmed from the perils and fatigue from terrible  through the fever-swept swamps and forests of East Africa, which proved fatal to a whole series of our bravest and most promising missionaries" id96, p6]

  • In the first twelve years, he tramped 16,000 miles in districts where it was impossible to ride" [idn61]

Tucker, Frederick [FRT]   1854 - 1935

Tucker, Edward Jr. [EJT]   1848 - 1909

  • Also known as Edward Arden

Tucker, Hubert [HUT]   1851 - 1921

  • Also known as Hubert Coutts

Wakefield, Arthur [AWW]   c.1877 - 

  • Served in WW1, as confirmed in 1914 FRCC journal

  • Acted as Medical Officer to the Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen in Labrador

  • Involved in the second Everest expedition [id85, p.104], reaching the North Col with the 1922 expedition at the age of 45 [p.126, id36]

  • As President of FRCC, spoke to 500 people on Great Gable summit for the unveiling of the WW1 memorial [id85, p.103]

  • "Had developed tremendous physical fitness and stamina over many years. He used bicycle for professional calls and swam in Derwentwater almost every day in the year. He was the first to adopt really lightweight kit on the fells, wearing a rugby shirt, shorts and gym shoes" [p.7, id5]

  • Swam in Derwentwater every day [p.234, id91]

  • "reached camp 3, 1,000 feet or so below the North Col, but suffered badly from altitude sickness" [p.234, id91]

Walker, Harrison [HWA]

  • Resident of Keswick [idn62]

Watson, Thomas [TWA]   1840 - 

  • Resident of Darlington and Secretary of the Cricket Club [idn79]

  • A polymath of sports by all accounts, involved in cricket, rubgy and excelling at athletics [idn81]

  • Achievements included: slipping greyhounds, the athletic club, football, rugby, cricket, shooting Elk in Sweden, hunting, landing salmon in Scotland (setting a record at Loch Tay)

  • Born in Darlington in 1840, lived his whole life in the town and died in 1935 [idn81]

  • A Freemason [idn81]

  • "One of the greatest and most versatile sportsmen that the North-East has known"

  • Obituary: idn82

Westmorland, Ned [NEW]

  • Built 'Westmorland's Cairn' in 1876 (to celebrate the view from Westmorland Crag) [p.95, id36]

  • One of the famous Westmorland brothers [p.90, id18]

  • Uncle of the well known climber Lt. Col. H. Westmorland of Threlkeld (Rusty?). Together with his brother Tom, he accompanied his sister Mary on her ascent of the Pillar Rock in 1873 [p.125, id36]​

  • Solicitor of Stanwix and formerly of Penrith [idn72]

  • "A splendidly developed man of fifty years of age" [idn25, 1901]

Wilson [WIL]   

A Borrowdale guide, accompanying Thomas Watson (TWA) on his notable walk of 1870 involving four peaks [end2].

Miscellaneous

  • ​Evans, From Manchester. Paced Broadrick and Dawson on [end15]